Journal Articles

Management, Leadership, & Organizational Change

Management, Leadership, & Organizational Change

This paper explores the relationship of management versus leadership in a context of organizational change.

Exploring the Need for Social Emotional Learning Programs: A New Model for Mental Health and Wellness

In their early years, children often experience a number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) including verbal, physical, and sexual abuse; violence; neglect; poverty; and parental divorce, incarceration, and addiction.

Addressing the Shame Imposed by Healthcare Providers on Individuals with HIV/AIDS – Using Change Models and the SPELIT Power Matrix to Provide Cultural Sensitivity Training to Physicians and Nurses in Belize

This proposal highlights the phenomenon of contempt that is prevalent amongst healthcare leaders for whom serve HIV/AIDS patients worldwide, but more specifically in the country of Belize. It is hoped that through offering training, the issue of contempt may be addressed and eventually eradicated as it relates to individuals afflicted with HIV/AIDS no matter the vector of contraction.

Academic Integration Among College Students with Disabilities and the Effect of Time to Program Completion

Academic integration among college students with disabilities (SWD) is affected by significant factors, which include each student’s disability status and the effect of time to program completion.

How Innovative Leadership Will Move ESRM Implementation Forward

Enterprise security risk management (ESRM) has become a necessary innovative security approach for twenty-first century organizations to manage security risks. This innovative approach of holistically managing organizational security risk is not the first of the kind but is the first time for the physical security industry.

Painting the Invisible Bridge: A Working Concept for Global Diversity, Inclusion, and Belonging for Women in Japan

The paper addresses the issues Japanese women face in joining the corporate workforce, as well as the ways leadership strategies and media can be useful recruitment tools for Japanese women in the corporate workforce.

Maya Belize

Supporting the Maya Children of Tumul K’in in Toledo, Belize

Preparing Maya children in the district of Toledo with 21s century skills does not mean that children should give up their beautiful culture and language.


Online Learning Academy

Young people deserve better opportunities to get out of poverty by improving their skills and be successful and happy people. We have designed a proposal for a Distance Online Learning Program to teach them computer skills as well as skills in the areas of website development, marketing using social media, programming, etc. where home-based business can be established with minimal costs with global reach.

Growth Strategy for Belize

Growth Strategy for Belize

Economic reform in Belize has been uneven, institutional weaknesses and lingering policy have constrained dynamic growth in many parts of the economy. Recovery from the recent economic slowdown has been anemic due to limited entrepreneurial activities in the private sector.

mobile health

Global Mindset and Mobile Health Education Exchange Initiative

The Global Mindset Mobile Health Education Exchange will be an empirical encounter between North American and Central American professional healthcare students implementing Mobile Health (mhealth) Tools in Belize Southern Regional District.


Belizean Tongues: The Socioeconomics of Language and Education in Belize

In June 2018 I traveled to Belize as an American-born, English-speaking, doctoral student with the Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology to research aspects of a developing country in regards to education, economics, and global leadership.

Global Leadership Reflection of Belize

Global Leadership Reflection of Belize: Ya Da Fu We (Belizean Independence)

Belize is home to a very functional democracy, with great emphasis on order, education, and the inclusion of all social classes in one democratic process. The country is a good example to its regional neighbors, able to carry out peaceful, cooperative elections, with a strong emphasis on participation.

mHealth: Achieving Equitable Healthcare In Emerging Countries Using Mobile Technologies

Access to quality healthcare plays a critical role in the economic growth of developing countries. The growing field of mobile technology in healthcare, known as mHealth, has potential for enhancing the healthcare delivery systems of these emerging markets.

The Management Transformation and Innovation for Time-honored Brand Enterprises

In Chinese language and culture, the term time-honored brand connotes a particular type of Chinese business. Such a business would have these characteristics: a long history, use of ancient legend or skills, a unique business culture, and a people-oriented business philosophy.

woman with children study

Indigenous Women In Educational Leadership

Globalization and Internationalization have the potential and capability to produce inequalities in all types of settings, but especially in education. While Globalization calls for uniformity and conformity, it fails to acknowledge minorities and diversity.


Global Leadership: Sustainable Tourism

This paper explores the positive and negative impact of tourism on the Belizean natural resources and residents. Ecotourism is important to the survival of the natural resources and the Belizean tourism industry.


Human Capital Development in Developing Countries

Investments in human capital; mainly healthcare and education, are important to positively influence social change in developing countries, and have been directly linked to economic growth.


Navigating a Sea of Distrust: A Case Study of Trust Failures in the Placencia Peninsula

On July 31, 2013, a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Government of Belize (GOB) and Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) was entered, highlighting the value and importance of a new tourism project in Harvest Caye .


Global Leadership and Learning Through Humor

A significant amount of literature has been published suggesting that connecting leadership and learning through humor has a potential to significantly increase the productivity of a work environment.


Pursuit of What You Belize

John Smith (1968) had once said, “The first thing you have to know is yourself. A man who knows himself can step outside himself and watch his own reactions like an observer” (Smith, A. 1968). This essay discuss how a entrepreneur in Belize who has a supermarket in Mopan Maya villages of Santa Cruz in Placencia, realizes his dream by studies his market areas, his customers and applying some basic theories into his practices.

tech in third world

Infusing Technology Into Third World Countries

As technology has shown a significant role in the development of the Western World and its economic growth, Third World countries are still suffering to integrate advanced technologies into their system today. With globalization and cooperation from developed countries advanced technologies can be infused into Third World countries.


Collaborative Intelligence (CI): Integration of Key Competencies for Optimal Collaboration

In order to develop meaningful solutions to today’s most complex global concerns, it is imperative that leaders from the public, private, and civil sectors collaborate.

hands earth

Solidarity as a Global Issue

While there are a number of ideas I have developed a better understanding of over the course of our learning experience in Central America, there is one stand-out global issue that I look forward to relating to real-world situations moving forward.

American Millenials

American Millennials

The rapid retirement of the Baby Boomer generation coupled with the sheer size of the Millennials cohort has forced them into leadership positions faster than both the Generation X and Baby Boomer groups, creating rapid advancement within the Millennials ranks, but with potential consequences tied to the communication and leadership differences present within these different generations.


Integrating Leadership Competencies, Values and Cultural Attributes To Optimize Global SEER Initiatives – A Three Dimensional Approach

The idea of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has been growing and evolving across the global business landscape for the last several decades.

School Strategy Plan

Perceptions of the Independent School Leaders in California on Current Challenges and the Leadership Skills to Meet Those Challenges

by Randy R. Bertin
Many independent schools define themselves as among the most innovative primary and secondary educational institutions in the nation.


Assessing the Dialectic in the Academic Literature Between Culturally-Dependent and Universal Leadership Attributes

The two divergent threads of global leadership research represented by situational analysis and identification of universal traits create a fascinating dialectic, a conflict in the literature that students and professionals alike must moderate in order to get the most out of each component.

human trafficking

Two Million Slaves

The FBI reports that sex trafficking is “the most overlooked and under investigated form of child sex abuse facing American society today” (2010). Sexually exploited children do not specifically rank as a priority.


Leveraging The College Admissions Process To Benefit Students Through International Service Learning

The pressure to perform, compete, and excel for the purpose of building a robust college resume designed specifically to impress college admissions officers has a significant effect on many students.


Report and Analysis of HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Belize

When the first AIDS case was diagnosed in Belize in 1986, the central government there established a National HIV/AIDS Remediation Program within its Ministry of Health (reference). Since that first diagnosis, the virus and its consequential complications, AIDS, have become the fourth leading cause of death throughout the world, following only diabetes, heart disease, and land transportation accidents (International, 2009).